Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the eye. There is a wide spectrum of eye related issues ranging from routine eye examination to various eye conditions such as cataract, refractive error, glaucoma, corneal and external eye diseases, retinal diseases, pediatric eye diseases/disorders, eye infections etc.
Most eye care experts recommend that you have a complete eye examination every one to three years, depending on your age, risk factors and whether you currently wear corrective lenses. The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends that adults wearing glasses or contacts and adults aged 61 and older should see their eye doctor every year or as recommended. If no vision correction is required, adults aged 18 to 60 should have eye exams every two years. Children need regular eye exams to detect vision problems that may interfere with learning.
Dilation of eyes is done for detailed eye examination, to check your prescription, detect cataract, glaucoma and to examine retina in detail. It takes 2 to 4 hours for the effect of dilation to wear off, depending on which medication is used.
A cataract is a cloudiness of the lens in your eye that prevents light from passing to the retina and can impair your vision. Cataracts form naturally as you age and sometimes remain small and unnoticeable. But with more developed cataracts, it is like viewing the world through a foggy window all the time!
An annual visit to your eye doctor can help identify cataracts early on but there are symptoms you can look out for:
A modern cataract surgery where the internal lens is emulsified with an ultrasonic handpiece and aspirated from the eye. Aspirated fluids are replaced with irrigation of balanced salt solution to maintain the anterior chamber. As with other cataract extraction procedures, an Intraocular Lens Implant (IOL), is placed into the remaining lens capsule.
You should begin by consulting your eye doctor. She or he will review your medical history and perform tests to determine if you need corrective surgery. Then you can begin to discuss which specific surgery option is best for you.
One of the early indicators of presbyopia is trouble with reading the fine print. If you find yourself having to hold books farther away to see them clearly, you should talk to your eye doctor.
Glaucoma is a disease that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. The optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that connects the retina to the brain. However, with early detection and treatment of glaucoma, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
Not necessarily. Increased eye pressure means you are at risk for glaucoma but does not mean you have the disease. A person has glaucoma only if the optic nerve is damaged.
Open angle glaucoma may not have any symptoms. Without treatment, people will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision and seem to be looking through a tunnel. In Angle-closure glaucoma there may be a hazy or blurred vision, appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights, severe eye and head pain, nausea or vomiting, sudden sight loss.
LASIK (Laser assisted in situ Keratomileusis) is an outpatient procedure which uses laser to reshape the cornea (transparent layer forming the front of the eye) thus altering the refractive status of the eye and enable you to see clearly without glasses. LASIK could be done to treat Nearsightedness (Myopia), Farsightedness (Hyperopia), Astigmatism and Presbyopia.
For LASIK you should be over 18 years of age and your glasses prescription should be stable for over 1 year. LASIK is not for everyone, consult your doctor to know if LASIK is safe for you.
Dry Eye is a condition caused by changes in the quantity or quality of your tears.
Causes of DES
Phaco+ IOL (one eye): 800-1900 USD
Retinal Detachment: 3500-4500 USD
Vitrectomy: 2000-3500 USD
Ptosis Correction: 1800-2300 USD
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