The World Health Organization (WHO) defines overweight and obesity as ‘abnormal or excessive fat
accumulation that presents a risk to health’. The alarming rise of obesity across the world has turned
it into an epidemic of vast proportions. More than 2.6 million people across the globe die each year
resulting directly or indirectly from obesity.
Obesity and overweight often trigger off conditions that may lead to serious health issues such as,
hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, gallbladder disease, arthritis, sleep
apnea, respiratory diseases, various forms of cancer. Being obese or overweight often also leads to
social stigma and discrimination as well.
Overweight and/or obesity is broadly measured through the following methods:
– Waist Circumference: Waist circumference is measured through an inch tape from hip bone
to the belly button. An average measure of 90 cm (for men) and 80 cm (for women), signals
– Body Mass Index: Body Mass Index (BMI), is a commonly used index to classify overweight
and obesity among individuals.
BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in
meters (kg/square meter)
Starting at 25.0, higher the BMI, greater becomes the risk of developing obesity related
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